成年後見、人材養成が鍵 地域の取り組みに温度差2016年12月27日 06:24

成年後見、人材養成が鍵 地域の取り組みに温度差
毎日新聞 2016年12月21日

2000年の介護保険制度のスタートと同時に創設された成年後見制度は、サービス提供と権利擁護で高齢者を支える両輪とされたが、財産管理が重視され、本人がメリットを実感しにくいこともあり、利用が広がらなかった。利用促進に向けた基本計画が策定されることによって、制度が必要な人を早期にみつけ、地域で支えることが期待される。一方、後見人の人材確保や不正の防止など課題もある。【有田浩子、山田泰蔵】

 政府の有識者委員会が20日まとめた計画原案では、成年後見制度の利用を促すために市区町村が中心となり、地域連携ネットワークの中核機関を整備することなどが盛り込まれた。すでに「成年後見支援センター」を設置し制度の普及啓発や人材育成に取り組んでいる自治体もあるが、地域によって事情は大きく異なる。

 「利用を促進するには、成年後見を必要とする人の把握と、その人を支える体制をどう作るかにかっている」。東京都品川区社会福祉協議会の斎藤修一・品川成年後見センター所長は指摘する。
 同センターは「ワンストップセンター」として相談の受け付けから家裁への申し立て、後見の実施まで担う。区の高齢者福祉課などと情報を共有。月2回開くケース会議で関係者が協議し、後見人をつける必要があるかどうかの方針を決定する。その後、医師や弁護士、福祉関係者らによる審査をへて、家庭裁判所に後見人の選任を申し立てる。同社協は法人として後見人になることが認められており、職員17人で分担している。資産が少ないケースや家族関係が複雑でない場合は、区などで養成した市民後見人が担うこともある。
 同区の市民後見人の一人、横地明宏さん(69)は定年退職後、都が実施した市民後見人の養成講座を受講。2年前から市民後見人として活動している。
 これまで4人を担当。週1回は自宅に赴き、契約など本人のさまざまな選択を支援する。本人が高額な化粧品を買ってしまったことを知った時は、企業と交渉し全額返金してもらった。報酬は月1万円。「ボランティアではなく職業人としての自覚が求められる」と話す。社協職員とは常に連携し、判断に迷ったときは一人で抱え込まないようにしているという。
 だが、品川区のように体制が整うところは多くない。高齢化の進展で後見のニーズは確実に増えているが、周囲の人が本人の判断能力の衰えに気付いても、どの機関に相談したらいいのか分からなかったり、介護や医療のサービスにつなげるだけだったりなど、必ずしも制度の利用に結びつかないケースも多いのが実情だ。
 また後見人の数を確保するには、弁護士ら専門職だけでは限りがあるため、厚生労働省は11年度から、市民後見人の養成事業を36都道府県約160の自治体で実施し、約1万人を養成した。市民後見人への期待は高いが、実際に家裁の選任を受けるには、品川区のようなバックアップ体制が必要だ。

後絶たぬ不正被害、簡易な財産信託検討へ

 成年後見制度の利用促進に当たって大きな課題となるのが不正の防止だ。2010年から始めた最高裁の調査によると、後見人らによる不正の被害は14年に年間で831件あり、被害総額は56億7000万円に上った。親族の後見人だけでなく、職業として後見人となる弁護士や司法書士などの専門職でも不正は後を絶たない。

 後見人の立場を悪用して、認知症の高齢女性ら3人から1億円以上を着服し、キャバクラ代などに使ったとして業務上横領罪に問われた元弁護士に対し、東京地裁で10月に開かれた判決公判。裁判官は懲役6年の実刑を言い渡し「被後見人らの信頼を裏切る背信的な犯行で、成年後見制度に対する社会の信頼を揺るがしかねない」と指弾した。
 制度上、後見人の監督は原則、家庭裁判所が担うが、政府の有識者委員会では「事務負担が増えており、家裁の監督だけでは不十分だ」との意見が多数出た。このため計画原案では、後見人の倫理観や家裁の監督だけに頼らず、関係機関や専門職団体などが、重層的に不正防止に取り組む必要が指摘された。
 対策の一つとして注目されているのが12年から始まった「成年後見制度支援信託」だ。本人の財産のうち、日常的な支払いをする預貯金は後見人が管理し、普段は使わない金銭は信託銀行などに託す仕組み。信託財産を払い戻したり解約したりするには家裁による指示書が必要なため、多額の不正はしにくい。
 同制度の利用者は14年は2764人(1009億円)、昨年は6563人(2109億円)と飛躍的に増えている。これに伴い、15年の後見人らによる不正件数は前年より約4割減り、被害額も5割減近い29億7000万円に抑えられた。
 しかし、銀行側にとっては収益につながりにくく、新たなシステム導入など経費負担も大きいため、大手信託銀行以外が導入するにはハードルが高い。
 そのため、計画原案には「成年後見制度支援信託に並立・代替する新たな方策の検討」が盛り込まれ、今後、地方銀行でも実施できるような簡易な方策が検討される見通しだ。

 ■ことば
成年後見制度
 認知症や障害があり判断能力が十分でないため、契約など法律行為の意思決定が困難な人たちについて、適切な選択ができるよう後見人等が支援する制度として民法を改正し、2000年4月に施行された。申し立てを受けた家庭裁判所が本人との利害関係などを考慮し、後見人を選任する。後見人には配偶者・親族、弁護士、司法書士、社会福祉士のほか、社会福祉協議会などの法人(法人後見)や研修を受けた地域の住民(市民後見人)もなることができる。

http://mainichi.jp/articles/20161221/ddm/016/100/014000c

コメント

_ stimulates muscle ― 2017年03月02日 10:07

When someone writes an paragraph he/she keeps the plan of a user in his/her
mind that how a user can know it. So that's why this article is outstdanding.
Thanks!

_ cash payday advance loan ― 2017年03月04日 16:58

I tend not to drop a comment, but I glanced through a few remarks
here 成年後見、人材養成が鍵 地域の取り組みに温度差: NPO法人よこはま成年後見つばさ.
I do have a couple of questions for you if you don't mind.

Is it only me or does it look as if like some of these remarks look as if they
are left by brain dead people? :-P And, if you are writing at other
places, I would like to keep up with you. Would you post a list of every one of all your social sites
like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?

_ manicure ― 2017年03月21日 15:27

That is a great tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
Short but very precise information… Thanks for sharing this one.
A must read article!

_ manicure ― 2017年04月11日 19:44

Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I'm impressed!

Very useful info specifically the last part :) I care for such info much.

I was looking for this particular information for a long time.
Thank you and best of luck.

_ Muriel ― 2017年04月29日 20:41

You could definitely see your enthusiasm in the paintings you write.

The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren't afraid to mention how they believe.
All the time go after your heart.

_ SFIsfisfippaGrow a second incomethe world's #1 affiliate programtop affiliate programsbest affiliate programshighest paying affiliate programswork from home ― 2017年05月18日 07:12

Just wish to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your submit is simply great and that i can assume you're a
professional in this subject. Fine along with your permission allow me to clutch your
feed to keep up to date with impending post.
Thanks one million and please keep up the gratifying
work.

_ Full Report ― 2017年05月19日 15:10

This makes it arduous to determine, for instance,
whether betting on a recreation of cricket is against the law in the identical manner as betting on the roll of a dice may be.
It could be argued that cricket betting is skill
based, and subsequently not coated by the act, whereas betting on the roll of a dice is pure chance.
Most of our listing of poker rooms offering video games to India gamers gives you a good choice of game types.
Agarwal made headlines in July final 12 months when he received $ninety six,
445 on the World Collection of Poker in Las
Vegas, thought of one of the largest poker tournaments. Before he
knew it, he was making a lot more money taking part in poker than he was at his day
job as a business improvement supervisor.

The web poker websites in India enable enthusiasts to play poker for
actual cash in ring video games, tournaments and contests.
Authorized hurdles and a destructive image proceed to stall the
trade from engaging a wider viewers, but recent investor interest might change that, based on Alok Mittal, a founding board member at Indian Angel Network, who told The Financial
Instances he provided seed money to Adda52. I'm sure very soon that
we'll begin dominating the poker area worldwide and win Championship titles.I
strongly wish that that may embody a WSOP title! Whenever you
do use our cell app, please just be sure you settle for push notifications, in order that you don't miss out
on our awesome tutorials, poker guides, poker
promotions and the most recent happenings at Starpoker.


Poker fans are hopeful that the sport will someday be acknowledged by the
International Thoughts Sports association, which
can put it it alongside other thoughts-games like Chess, Bridge and Draughts.
After having a very uncomfortable experience when it comes to
service and gameplay on other poker websites poker4aces comes as a breath of fresh
good solution to unwind itself after a busy day.

In October 2013, The Indian Poker Affiliation, in petitions filed before
the Karnataka High Court, complained that the police were harassing poker players by filing cases towards them and raiding poker clubs.


The 12 groups will be chosen by means of 70+ testing/qualifying bouts held throughout numerous cities in India over nearly three months, as well as by means of online
tournaments. The factor was, gamers from India have been at all times current
on worldwide web sites, if not in great numbers.
Nearly everybody from India chooses Moneybookers , Entropay,
or Neteller Moneybookers is easy because you may just
open an account, and in case you have a friend they will switch you
money as a substitute of having to wait and put money in your self.
Poker Professionals ought to be a part of the
Site as a result of that is the most effective web site to point out their expertise in a approach
that may help a player develop better and reassure a improbable enjoying future.


Related events are being put together by the India Newbie
Poker League (IPRT) and the India Poker Championship (IPC).
Let our skilled Flash sport builders ship you the very best online poker software, casino,
sports ebook and custom game options out there.
I really feel actually proud that within few years a lot momentum has
occurred within the domestic poker scene and many inspirational tales
have come forward for lot of budding and new poker gamers to emulate.
Now one could get all the related data needed to play poker
with all the guidelines and tips as well as information from different nations.


It was expected that different states would comply with Sikkim, thereby opening up a
significant on-line playing market all through India.
Whereas the language used here is just not precisely clear and concise, it does counsel that anything the place you can risk
cash to win money might be thought of gambling.
There just one or two on-line poker websites in India which can be complying with these legal necessities.
On a trip to Bangalore 6 years ago, I happened to fulfill certainly one of my
childhood associates who returned from UK. He needed
to play a quick game and I went alongside.

For the reason that operational stakes are so high, many consider poker's illegality has
made India home to some of the highest rake cap games on the earth.



Depending on the Double Tax Avoidance Settlement (DTAA)
between India and other countries, some activities could also be exempt from double taxation. As an illustration, a majority of on-line poker and rummy web pages are flouting legal guidelines of India and they
are often punished any time by the government.

By the tip of late entries, there have been a total of 78
gamers who would do battle to take residence the title.
A typical speaking level in poker site evaluations is always the softness of the
video games as a result of most gamers are looking out for simple to beat video games.

CEO of PSL and Nikita Luther, who is India's top feminine Poker professional, will take charge
as COO for the league.

Canada is considered to be one of many largest on-line poker markets in the world.
In 1996, the Supreme Court reaffirmed that skill video games will not
be legally included as gambling in India. As we've seen, they've already shaped a partnership with Adda52,
and it wouldn't be a shock to see India places on the tour in future.
In addition to that, online poker is getting more and more fashionable in India and the variety of gamers,
who log into one of the available on-line poker rooms to
play Texas Hold'em is constantly on the rise. Enter your electronic mail below
and obtain common poker ideas, updates and videos direct
to your inbox.

If sure, here is the good news for you: provides
all the fundamental info wanted for a brand new player to be taught the sport of poker completely.
Having been certified from InfySec Security labs for truthful play and Random Number Generator (RNG) to make sure card sequences are unpredictable, non-repeatable and uniformly
distributed. In consequence the web gaming
and on-line enjoying entrepreneurs of India are literally required to
adjust to a number of legal tips of India, each central along
with state smart. The websites that we suggest have been examined for that objective, and players in India have used them with
out concern.

You undoubtedly need to select a poker site with one of many biggest welcome bonuses.

Having all the time been at the forefront of mind video games in the
world, India is just not removed from World Poker domination,
nevertheless, adds Ankit. Thank you for the wonderful matters on poker you talk about here and
in addition for this piece of good news. A gaggle, named
the Public Interest Litigation, filed a case against
varied gaming organizations together with the Mahalaxmi Cultural Affiliation, Madras Metropolis Club (India) Pvt Ltd, Madras Darkhorse Farm & Land Improvement Pvt
Ltd, and Madras Sakthi Recreation Centre. Regulation favors poker operators to function their
poker websites inside the legal frameworks.

Welcome bonuses are a terrific incentive to get entangled and reap the benefits of some free cash.
What's extra- you may select your tables at Pokabunga's on-line poker rooms primarily based on stakes, number of gamers and restrict variant,
as well as create customized personal tables and host
a recreation with your mates with the assistance of the tool-equipment offered by us full of
last hand historical past, hand rank guides, and advanced disconnection management.
Travellers can enjoy non-cease Texas Maintain'em or pot restrict Omaha in poker rooms round India.
In consequence, it is vitally powerful to search
out out precisely what's legal and what's
not in India.

_ skimpy swimwear high heels japanese ― 2017年06月08日 16:50

I real delighted to find this site on bing, just what I was searching for :
D besides saved to fav.

コメントをどうぞ

※メールアドレスとURLの入力は必須ではありません。 入力されたメールアドレスは記事に反映されず、ブログの管理者のみが参照できます。

名前:
メールアドレス:
URL:
コメント:

トラックバック

このエントリのトラックバックURL: http://tubasa.asablo.jp/blog/2016/12/27/8294982/tb